The umbrella of small animal internal medicine includes many sub-disciplines. In many cases, the signs of a patient may include many of the organ systems. Internists provide a diagnosis for dogs and cats experiencing ongoing medical issues, identifies the underlying cause of clinical signs, and develop comprehensive treatment plans for any diagnosed diseases or conditions.  Due to their holistic approach, internal medicine specialists may also manage cases of patients with neurologic, cardiovascular, or cancerous diseases, especially when these patients also share diseases within the scope of internal medicine.  Internal medicine specialists are uniquely prepared to oversee the care of these complicated cases.

Some cases an internist may treat:

  • Gastroenterology (esophageal, stomach and intestinal disease)
  • Hepatology (liver and pancreatic disease)
  • Endocrinology (hormonal disease)
  • Infectious diseases, urology (urinary tract disease)
  • Nephrology (kidney disease)
  • Respiratory medicine (nose, airway and lung disease)
  • Hematology & immunology (blood cell and immune-disease)